WHO Pain Ladder

The diagram below shows the step-wise approach to cancer pain management recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).


Note: Pain control should be based on the level indicated by the patient.
For example, it may be clinically indicated to start at “Level 3” on the analgesic ladder for patients who present with severe, difficult pain.


World Health Organization. Cancer pain relief. 2nd ed. Geneva: WHO; 1996.
Back to top of page Next page Previous page

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Subscription expired — please renew

Pro account upgrade has expired for this site and the site is now locked. If you are the master administrator for this site, please renew your subscription or delete your outstanding sites or stored files, so that your account fits in the free plan.