Megestrol Acetate

PHARMACOLOGY

A synthetic derivative of progesterone used to increase appetite in selected patients. The exact mechanism of action in cachexia remains unknown

DOSING

  • 40-240 mg up to four times a day PO or 800 mg once daily PO

UNWANTED EFFECTS

  • Hypertension
  • Rash
  • Sweating
  • Weight gain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Flatulence
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Insomnia
  • Mood swings
  • Rarely: DVT, pulmonary embolism, adrenal insufficiency

NOTE

This information is drawn from a number of sources (see below). The reader is encouraged to access these and other relevant literature for more detail. As always, sound clinical judgment should be used in individual clinical cases. In particular, it should be remembered that there may be significant variation in the pharmokinetics of a drug resulting from a number of factors, including the individual patient’s metabolism/disease status and how the medication has been formulated.

SOURCES/REFERENCES

  1. Brunton LL, Lazo JS, Parker KL, editors. Goodman and Gilman’s: the pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 11th ed. McGraw-Hill Professional; 2006.
  2. Twycross R, Wilcock A. Palliative care formulary. 3rd ed. Radcliffe Medical Press Ltd; 2008.
  3. Repchinsky C, editor. Compendium of pharmaceuticals and specialties (CPS): the Canadian drug reference for health professionals. 44th ed. Canadian Pharmacists Association; 2009.
  4. Goldman A, Hain R, Liben S. Oxford textbook of palliative care for children. 1st ed. Oxford University Press; 2006.

Back to Anorexia and Cachexia

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License